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Diagnosis: Back Pain

#back #chiropractic #diagnosis

Lower back pain is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence worldwide

Upper and lower back pain can affect all age groups, while lower back pain is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence worldwide [1]. Depending on the cause, the pain may be acute or chronic, and may be described as a 'dull ache', 'shooting' or a 'burning' sensation.

What causes back pain?

  • Posture - In particular, slouching when sitting or standing causes a gradual weakening of the muscles that support the spine

  • Presssure on spinal nerves - The soft, rubbery discs between the vertabrae can sometimes crack (known as herniated/ruptured/slipped discs), causing the inner cartelage to poke out of the disc and put pressure on the spine, causing pain in the back and possibly numbness or weakness in the arms or leg

  • Myofascial pain syndrome - Chronic pain of trigger points ('knots') and connective tissues anywhere on the body

  • Muscle strain - Possibly due to overuse or repetitive motion, which results in strain on the muscles, ligaments and discs supporting the spine

  • Traumatic injury - High force impacts to the back, such as during car accidents, improper lifting or slips and falls

  • Disease or infection - Osteoarthritis (a disease of the joints) and more rarely, cancers, gallbladder disease or infections can result in upper back pain.

How can a chiropractor help?

Chiropractic treatment is a non-surgical means of relieving back pain through regular spinal adjustment. Chiropractic adjustments can relieve pressure on the spinal nerves, helping to restore range of motion and realign the spine.

During an initial consultation, our chiropractors are able to determine if your condition is: a) minor and treatable, or b) more serious and requiring intensive, extended treatment or referral to a specialist. Alongside chiropractic adjustment and physical therapy sessions, we can also help you supplement your recovery through specific prescribed physical exercises and nutritional advice.

[1] World Health Organisation -

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